Basic Words in German

Hi, Sarah here - Welcome to my basic words in German, perfect for those of you who are complete beginners and don't know where to start!

As you navigate my website you will see this lesson is only the beginning. All of my German language lessons are filled to the brim with top tips and interesting facts. I have made all of my lessons as easy as I possibly can as I know all too well how difficult and daunting it can be learning German!


Basic Words in German

If you are looking for actual phrases, such as 'My name is ...', 'I come from...' etc then I would actually suggest beginning with my Common German phrases section. Here you will find all you need to learn the basics of the German language.

Right, let's get down to business. We will now take a look at basic words in German, including German question words and basic German numbers. 

These basic words are must-learns and you will hear them on numerous occasions in German conversation.


As I work to continually help you in your efforts to reach mastery of the German language, I've partnered with the Rocket German Learning System.

Click here to discover how this system makes use of what's called the "chunking" method.

The entire process is actually one of the best available - and is quite enjoyable to learn from and implement.



vielleicht - Maybe


und - and


nie - never


später - later


auch - also


etwas - some


manchmal - sometimes


jetzt - now


gleich - in a second / minute


immer - always


stimmt - that's right / true


stimmt nicht - not right / true


aber - but


oder - or 


noch ein - another


gern - gladly


weil - because


bis - until


wieder - again


endlich - at last


nur - only


toll - great


genau - exactly / that's right


Ein bisschen - a little


viel - a lot


schon - already


es gibt - there is / there are 


fast - almost


immer noch - still


gut - good


schlecht / schlimm - bad


natϋrlich - of course


sicher - sure


viele - many


wirklich - really


langsam - slow / slowly


schnell - quick / quickly


links - left


rechts - right


gerade aus - straight ahead

Basic German Words - Asking Questions in German


wo? - where?


wann? - when?


was? - what?


wer? - who?


warum? - why?


wie? - how?


wie viel? - how much?


wie viele? - how many?

(Tip: I always used to confuse these last two questions  ('wie viel' and wie viele'.) The way I remembered was to think the phonetical way of saying 'y' on the end of 'many' is 'ee' which reminded me of the 'e' in 'viele!' I guess this is a bit of a round about way of remembering how to say 'how much?' and 'how many?' in German, but it certainly helped me at the beginning:)

Basic German  -  German Numbers

We will now look at basic numbers in German. I believe these are relivately easy to learn so shouldn't cause too many headaches. 

Tip: The Germans use a full stop where we would use 'st', 'nd', 'rd' and 'th', so '1st', '2nd', '3rd' and '4th' are written '1.', '2.', '3.' and '4.' as detailed below.


0 - null (zero)


1 - eins / 1. / erste (one / 1st / first)


2 - zwei / 2. / zweite (two / 2nd / second)


3 - drei / 3. / dritte (three / 3rd / third)


4 - vier / 4. / vierte (four / 4th / fourth)


5 - fϋnf / 5. / fϋnfte (five / 5th / fifth)


6 - sechs / 6. / sechste (six / 6th / sixth)


7 - sieben / 7. / siebente (seven / 7th / seventh)


8 - acht / 8. / achte (eight / 8th / eighth)


9 - neun / 9. / neunte (nine / 9th / ninth)


10 - zehn / 10. / zehnte (ten / 10th / tenth)

Why not continue to:

Common German Words Part 4  - Days and Months in German

Or, alternatively, go to my:

Common German Phrases lesson and learn how to say 'My name is', 'I come from' and 'I work for', plus many more important German phrases.


By the way, I've partnered up with the Rocket German Learning System in order to best help you learn German easily and effortlessly.

In fact, this process will allow you to master the language while only investing a few minutes per day on your studies.

Click here to learn how it works and how it can be of value to you. I've found it to be quite enjoyable.



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