Common German Phrases

Hi and welcome to my top everyday, common German phrases, such as 'hello', 'goodbye', 'thank you' and 'please'.

Common German Phrases

A quick and easy free lesson for all those wanting to learn basic German.

Tip: In German there is a formal and an informal way of addressing one another, depending on whom you are speaking to and/or how well you know that person. For more information on this, please go to my German greetings lesson.

Let's get started learning these simple, but very useful, common German phrases.


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German Greetings

You will now learn some simple German greeting phrases:


Hallo - Hello


Guten Tag - Hello


Guten Morgen - Good morning


Guten Abend - Good evening


Gute Nacht - Good night


Wie geht es Ihnen? (Formal) - How are you?

(You can reply: Fine, thank you - Gut, danke , Not too bad - Es geht or Not very well - Nicht so gut)


How are you? - Wie geht's? (Very informal)

(For replies, please see above.)


Es freut mich, Sie kennenzulernen (Formal) - Pleased to meet you

Saying Goodbye in German

Here are the most common German phrases for saying goodbye:


Auf Wiedersehen - Good bye


Tschüß (Used among younger people) - Bye


Bis später - See you later


Es war schön, Sie/Dich kennenzulernen - It was nice to meet you
(Formal= Sie / Informal= Dich)


Einen schönen Tag noch - Have a nice day


(Click here to learn more German Greetings and ways to say goodbye) 

Thank you and other pleasantries


You will now learn some common German phrases for 'thank you', 'please', 'you are welcome' and 'sorry':


Danke - Thank you


Nein, danke - No, thank you


Vielen Dank - Many thanks


Danke schön/Danke sehr/Besten Dank - Thank you very much


Bitte - Please


Ja, bitte - Yes, please


Gern geschehen - You are welcome


Bitte (sehr) - You're (very) welcome


Entschuldigung/ Entschuldigen Sie - Sorry or excuse me
(Second version is formal)


Entschuldigen Sie bitte (Formal) - Excuse me please


Es tut mir leid - I am sorry
(Used to express sorrow, i.e. about someone's death)


Das macht nichts - That's OK


Kein Problem - No problem

(Click here for ready-made thank you sentences in German) 

Personal Information


Personal Information

Learn these common German phrases and be able to talk about yourself in a variety of situations:


Ich heiße ... - My name is ...

(Wie heißen Sie? - What is your name?)


Mein Name ist ... - My name is ...

(Wie ist Ihr Name? - What is your name?)


Ich wohne in ... - I live in ...

(Wo wohnen Sie? - Where do you live?)


Ich komme aus ... - I come from

(Woher kommen Sie? - Where do you come from?)


Mein Geburtsdatum ist ... - My date of birth is ...

(Wie ist Ihr Geburtsdatum?What is your date of birth? )


Ich bin ... Jahre alt - I am ... years old

(Wie alt sind Sie? - How old are you?)


Ich spreche Englisch - I speak English

(Sprechen Sie Englisch? - Do you speak English?)


Ich spreche ein bisschen Deutsch - I speak a little German

(Sprechen Sie ein bisschen Deutsch? - Do you speak some German?)


Ich bin ... - I am ... (Add your nationality)


Ich bin Amerikaner/Engländer - I am American / English
(Add ‘in’ at the end if you are female, e.g. Amerikanerin)


Ich bin ledig - I am single

(Wie ist Ihr Familienstand? - What is your marital status?) 


Ich bin verheiratet ... - I am married ...

(Sind Sie verheiratet? - Are you married?)


What you do for a living 

Germans love to talk about what they do for a living and tend to be very career-orientated.

Be prepared to be asked about your career relatively quickly after being introduced to someone.

Did you know: Unlike in English, you do not have to use an article (like 'a' or ‘an’) when explaining what you do for a living. So, literally translated you would say 'I am lawyer', rather than 'I am a lawyer'.

Also, most professions have a female and male version. For instance, a male company director is ‘Geschäftsführer’. If you are a woman, simply add ‘in’ to the end of the profession: ‘Geschäftsführerin’. See below for a few examples:


Ich arbeite bei ... - I work for

(Wo arbeiten Sie? - Where do you work?)


Was machen Sie beruflich? - What do you do for a living? 


Ich bin arbeitslos - I am unemployed


Ich bin pensioniert - I am retired


Ich bin selbständig - I am self-employed


Ich bin Geschäftsführer(in) - I am a company director


Ich bin Ingenieur(in) - I am an engineer


Ich bin Lehrer(in) - I am a teacher


Ich bin Student(in) - I am a student


Ich studiere an ... -am studying at ...

(Add school, college or university) 


Ich studiere ... (Add subject) - I study


Now that you've learned these common phrases, it is time for you to look at German greetings in more detail. Click here to go straight to my greetings lesson.

Or, if you fancy taking a break from German phrases, then why not learn your ABCs in German with my German alphabet lesson or even learn how to count in German with my easy lesson on German numbers. 

Alternatively, if none of these options float your boat, then take a peek at these ridiculously long German words. Have fun with these world-record breaking words!



By the way, in my efforts to best help you speak German easily and effortlessly, I've teamed up with the Rocket German Learning System.

You can click here to learn more about their program and how they can be of service to you.

It's an interesting system for learning German in that the focus is to help you engage in meaningful conversation within a short period of time.


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