German Flowers


Learn all about German flowers in this free online lesson.


You will discover which flowers are found in Germany as well as which flowers are typically sent in Germany on occasions such as funerals, weddings, Mother's Day and Valentine's Day.

Learn these and ensure you always send the right flowers!

Towards the end of this section you will also find a useful alphabetical listing of flowers translated from English into German.




German Flowers Lesson

1. Flowers found in the Alps

Edelweiss - das Edelweiβ
Color: White-yellow. Blossoms from July to September and belongs to the sunflower family. Literally translated it means 'Noble White'.



Although originally from the Himalayas, the Edelweiss has become known as the Queen of the Alps. It can grow to up to 20 cm in length. It is a protected flower and is not allowed to be picked.

Gentian - der Enzian
Blossoms from May to June. Normally blue.



It is a protected flower and is not allowed to be picked.

Alpine Rose - die Alpenrose
Color: Pink. Found at a height of approx. 1200-2300 metres. It blossoms from June to September. In the Alps, some superstitious folk believe the flowers attract thunder and lightning and thus the flower is also known as the 'Donnerblume' or in English the 'Thunder Flower'. So keep away from these if you feel a storm coming on!

Arnica - die Arnika
Color: Yellow. Blossoms from June to September and belongs to the sunflower family. It grows to up to 40 cm. It has been used for medicinal purposes since the 1500s and is still popular today. Used for ailments such as sprains, bruises, muscle aches and wounds. Origin: Europe / North Asia.

Auricula - die Aurikel
Color: Yellow. It is a protected flower and is not allowed to be picked. Grows to up to 20 cm. Blossoms from April to June. Origin: Alps, Carpathian and Apennine Mountains.

Alpine Aster - die Alpenaster
Color: Blue violet. Blossoms in May and June and it can grow to up to 40 cm.



It can be found at an altitude of between 1400 and 3100 metres.

Mountain Valerian - der Berg-Baldrian
Grows to up to 60 cm in height. Found in southern and central Europe. The northern side of the Alps is the most northerly point at which this herbaceous plant can be found.

Alpine Marguerita - die Alpen-Margerite
Grows to up to 15 cm in height. Found in meadows across the Alps as well as the Carpathian Mountains, the Pyrenees and the Apennine Mountains. Found at an altitude of up to 2800 metres.

Carline Thistle - die Silberdistel
Color: White. Grows to up to 40 cm in height. Often used as a dried flower. Blossoms in July, August and September. Origin: Europe.

Alpine Snowbell - die Alpenglöckchen
Color: Purple-blue. Grows to up to 40 cm in height. Member of the Primulaceae family. Native to the Alps and the Pyrenees.

Alpine Clematis - die Alpenrebe
Color: A wide variety including pale pink, dark blue and lavender blue.



A vine of the genus Clematis. Native to Europe.

Alpine Balsam - der Alpenbalsam
Color: Purple. Blossoms from April to July. Grows to up to 15 cm in height. Origin: Europe.

Cyclamen - das Alpenveilchen
Color: Various. A poisonous flower. Classified in the family Myrsinaceae. Native to Europe and the Mediterranean.

Alp Lily - die Faltenlilie
Blossoms in July and August. Grows to up to 15 cm in height. Likes to grow in crevices and gravelly ridges.

Lady's Mantel - der Frauenmantel
Color: Yellow and Green. A perennial plant which requires moist soil and light shade.

King of the Alps - der Himmelsherold
Blue. A herbal plant which grows to up to 5 cm in height. Native from the Alps through to the Carpathian Mountains.

Alpine Poppy - der Alpen-Mohn
Color: Yellow, white and yellow-white. Grows to up to 20 cm to height. Blossoms from July through to August.

Dwarf Willow - die Krautweide
A very small creeping willow. One of the smallest woody plants on earth. Grows to up to 6 cm in height.

Saxifragus - der Steinbrech
Also known as 'stone-breakers' (in German it is also translated as this). As well as in the Alps, it can be found in subartic climates.

Mountain Hens and Chicks - die Berg-Hauswurz
Color: Reddish Purple. An evergreen with star-shaped flowers rising up on its stalks.

Common Soapwort- das Seifenkraut
A perennial plant from the carnation family. Also known as Bouncing Bet and Sweet William. There are 20 species of soapwort. Native from Europe through to western Siberia.

Orange Lily / Fire Lily - die Feuer-Lilie


Native to Europe. In the Japanese language of flowers, an orange lily symbolises hatred or revenge - remember this when choosing flowers for loved-ones!



2. Occasions: German Flowers Lesson

Funeral flowers / Sympathy flowers

The following flowers are typically found at funerals in Germany:

White Lilies - Weiβe Lilien - Symbolic of mourning and the bond with the deceased person

White Roses - Weiβe Rosen - Symbolic not only of love and affection, but also of beauty and transience

White Calla Lilies - Weiβe Calla - Symbolic of the resurrection as well as transience

Chrysanthemums - Chrysanthemen - Symoblic of truth and honesty

(Funeral) Wreaths - Trauerkränze - Symbolic of the eternal life of the soul as, like a wreath, it has no beginning and no end

Flower arrangements - Gestecke

Are you looking for some phrases to use in a condolence card? If so, then please click here to go to my sympathy messages in German section.



German Flowers Lesson

Wedding Flowers

The following flowers are typically found at weddings in Germany:

Roses - Rosen - Symbolic of love, affection and beauty

Tulips - Tulpen - Symbolic of love and affection

Calla Lilies - Callas - Symbolic of beauty

Gerberas - Gerberas - Symbolic of happiness

Peonies - Pfingstrosen -Symbolic of healing

Orchids - Orchideen - Symbolic of love and beauty

Ranunculus - Ranunkel - Symbolic of charm and brilliance

Island Poppy - Island-Mohn - Symbolic of fertility

If you're looking for phrases to use in wedding/engagement cards, then click here to go to my Wedding and engagement congratulatory phrases section.



German Flowers Lesson

Valentine Flowers

Typical flowers to give on Valentine's Day in Germany are also:

Red Roses - Rote Rosen

Are you the romantic type? If so, click here to read my top 30 German love phrases!



German Flowers Lesson

Birthday Flowers

Here just about anything goes in Germany - whatever makes you (or the person you are giving to!) happy. Just avoid white lilies and white callas - particularly if you're giving to someone more 'mature'. See German flowers for funerals above for more information!

If you would like to see some of my ready-made 'Happy Birthday' messages in German for use in cards, etc., then please click here.



German Flowers Lesson

Mother's Day Flowers

The following flowers are typically given on Mother's Day in Germany:

Roses - Rosen

Orchids - Orchideen

Tulips - Tulpen

Lily-of-the-valley - Maiglöckchen



3. A - Z Flower List: German Flowers Lesson

African Lily - die Schmucklilie

Alstroemeria - die Inkalilie

Amaryllis - die Amaryllis

Anemone - die Anemone

Anthuriam - die Anthurie

Aster - die Aster

Baby's Breath - das Schleierkraut

Banksia - die Banksia

Begonia - die Begonie

Bellflower - die Glockenblume

Bleeding Heart - das Tränende Herz

Boronia - die Boronia

Carnation - die Nelke

Carthamus - die Färberdistel

Columbine - die Akelei

Crocus - der Krokus

Chrysanthemum - die Chrysantheme

Cornflower - die Kornblume

Daffodil - die Narzisse / Osterglocke

Dahlia - die Dahlie

Daisy - das Gänseblϋmchen

Dandelion - der Löwenzahn

Edelweiss - das Edelweiβ

Forget-me-not - das Vergissmeinnicht

Freesia - die Freesie

Geranium - die Geranie

Gerbera - die Gerbera

Gladiolus - die Gladiole

Golden Rod - die Goldrute

Gypsophilia - die Gypsophila

Heather - das Heidekraut / die Erika

Iris - die Iris / die Schwertlilie

Jasmin - der Jasmin

Lavender - der Lavendel

Lilac - der Flieder

Lily - die Lilie

Lily-of-the-valley - das Maiglöckchen

Marigold - die Tagetes / die Ringelblume

Mimosa - die Mimose

Monkshood - der Blaue Eisenhut

Orchid - die Orchidee

Pansy - das Stiefmϋtterchen

Peony - die Pfingstrose

Petunia - die Petunie

Poppy - der Mohn / die Mohnblume

Ranunculus - der Hahnenfuß

Rhododendron - das Rhododendron

Rose - die Rose

Snapdragon - der Garten Löwenmaul

Snowdrop - das Schneeglöckchen

Sunflower - die Sonnenblume

Sweet Pea - die Edelwicke

Sweet William - die Bartnelke

Tulip - die Tulpe

Veronica - der Ehrenpreis

Violet - das Veilchen

Waxflower - die Wachsblume

Zinna - die Zinnie





Interested in learning a little more about the German language? How about learning a few German proverbs? Can you guess the English equivalent of this German saying (translated literally into English): 'Making an elephant out of a mosquito'? Click here to find out and have some more fun in German!



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